Having All Answer Type 2 Diabetes
In this article, we talk about some contents type 2 diabetes as follows: Symptoms, diet, treatment, causes, medications, type 2 diabetes in children, risk elements, tips for prevention, receiving a diagnosis, complications, statistics about type 2 diabetes and controlling with diabetes destroyer.
The first part is about symptoms
Diabetes is a medical condition in your bloodstream with sugar, or glucose, level build up. There will be not enough insulin to move the sugar into your cells, which are where your cells store energy from the food you eat. This causes your body to rely on alternative energy sources in your tissues, muscles, and organs. The chain reaction can cause a variety of symptoms. Type 2 diabetes can develop slowly because the symptoms may be mild and easy to dismiss at first.
You can find the early symptoms as follows: itching, skin infections; feeling tired and lacking of energy; always being dry mouth and thirsty and hungry; overweight; passing more urine; blurred vision.
Because the disease progresses, the symptoms become more severe and potentially dangerous.
Besides, your blood sugar levels have been high for a long time, the symptoms can involve: yeast infections, slow-healing cuts or sores, dark patches on your skin, foot pain, feelings of numbness in your extremities, or neuropathy.
When you have two or more of these symptoms, you should see your doctor. Diabetes can become life-threatening.
Your heart can be effected by diabetes. After the first one with diabetes, woman can suffer another heart attack in twice. They’re at quadruple the risk of heart failure when compared to women without diabetes. While woman is pregnant, diabetes can also lead to complications.
The second part is diet
It is an important tool to keep your heart healthy and blood sugar levels within a safe and healthy range by diet. This diet is not complicated or unpleasant. It not also recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes but also should follow for everybody. It boils down to a few key actions: you can eat meals and snacks on schedule; you should choose a variety of foods that are high in nutrition and low in empty calories and be careful not to overeat, especially read food labels closely,and foods to choose.
Some healthy carbohydrates options you can choose to provide fiber as follows: vegetables, fruits, legumes like beans, whole grains.
Foods with heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids inlvove: tuna, sardines, salmon, mackerel, halibut, cod.
Some healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats for getting from a number of foods, including: olive oil, canola oil, peanut oil, almonds, pecans, walnuts, avocados.
Although these options for fat are good for you, they’re high in calories. Moderation is key. When choosing dairy products, choose low-fat options.
Some certain foods you should avoid and limit include: foods heavy in saturated fats and trans fats, beef, processed meats and snacks, shellfish, organ meats like beef or liver, stick margarine, shortening, baked goods, sugary drinks, high-fat dairy products, salty and fried foods.
You should talk to your doctor about your personal nutrition and calorie goals. And also can come up with a diet plan that tastes great and suits your lifestyle needs.
The third is treatment for type 2 diabetes
Your doctor will talk about how often you should check your blood glucose levels. It is good for controlling type 2 diabetes of you. And it can help stay within a specific range. These tips control type 2 diabetes as follows: you should eat at regular intervals and only eat till you are full; you can manage your weight and keep your heart healthy. It means that keep refining carbohydrates, sweets, and animal fats to a minimum; and you can get foods rich in fiber and healthy carbohydrates in your diet. Do not forget eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, it will help keep your blood glucose levels steady; Remember, you have to get about half an hour of aerobic activity daily to help keep your heart healthy; Besides, exercise helps to control blood glucose, too.
You will be explained to recognize the early symptoms of blood sugar that is too high or too low and some things you have to do in each situation by your doctor. They will also help you choose what foods are healthy and another.
When you use insulin, it means that your pancreas do not produce enough insulin on its own. Not everyone with type 2 diabetes use it. It’s crucial that you get insulin as directed. It is also other prescription medications that may help, too.
The next part is causes
As we known insulin is a naturally occurring hormone. When you eat, your pancreas makes insulin and releases it. The energy will be stored in your cells throughout your body, because insulin helps transport sugar from your bloodstream to your cells.
When you with type 2 diabetes, your body becomes resistant to insulin and is no longer using the hormone efficiently. Then your pancreas will work harder to produce more insulin. On over the long time, that will damage your cells in your pancreas. Then, your pancreas may not be able to make any insulin.
You do not make enough insulin or your body does not use it efficiently, glucose builds up in your bloodstream, so your cells starved for energy. Then doctors do not understand exactly what triggers this series of events.
It may have to do with cell dysfunction in the pancreas or with cell signaling and regulation. In some case, your liver makes too much glucose. It may be a genetic predisposition to developing type 2 diabetes.
The environmental trigger and a genetic predisposition to obesity, which increases the risk of insulin resistance and diabetes.
Almost, it is a combination of elements that increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. Research into the causes of type 2 diabetes is ongoing.
Moreover, medications for type 2 diabetes is about
Your lifestyle changes are enough to keep type 2 diabetes under control. Some of these medications may help include: your blood sugar levels can be lower and improve how your body responds to insulin with metformin; sulfonylureas, which help your body produce more insulin; meglitinides or glinides, which are fast-acting, short-duration medications that stimulate your pancreas to release more insulin; thiazolidinediones, which make your body more sensitive to insulin; dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, which are milder medications that help reduce blood sugar levels; glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, which slow digestion and improve blood sugar levels; sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors, which help prevent the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar into the blood and sending it out in your urine
To find the best medication or combination of medications to treat your diabetes have to spend some time because each of medications can cause side effects. When your blood pressure or cholesterol levels are a problem, you will need medications to address those needs as well. And your body can not produce enough insulin, you may need insulin therapy. You may only need a long-acting injection you can take at night or you may need to take insulin several times per day.
In addition, type 2 diabetes in children
According to the American Diabetes Association, nearly 208,000 Americans under age 20 have diabetes and it is a growing problem.
Although some complicated reason, risk elements include: being overweight, or having a body mass index above the 85th percentile; having a birth weight of 9 pounds or more; being born to a mother who had diabetes while she was pregnant; having a close family member with type 2 diabetes; having a sedentary lifestyle; being American Indian, Alaska Native, African-American, Asian-American, Latino, or Pacific Islander.
Some symptoms in children as follows: always being thirsty, hungry; increased urination; sores that are slow to heal; frequent infections; being tired; blurry vision; and areas of darkened skin.
When your child has some symptoms of diabetes, you should see doctor of your child immediately. Without treating, diabetes can lead to serious and even life-threatening complications.
To get more information about average blood sugar levels over a few months by A hemoglobin A1C test and your child can also need a fasting blood sugar test. Because a random blood sugar test can reveal high blood sugar levels.
When doctor diagnoses your child with diabetes, he will need to determine that is the type 1 or type 2 before suggesting a specific treatment.
You should encourage your child to eat well and to be physically active every day for the lower risk factors.
The risk factors part
Although the causes of type 2 diabetes can not to recognize exactly, we know the certain elements to put you at increased risk.
Some certain elements are out of your control: your risk is greater if you have a brother, sister, or parent who has type 2 diabetes; you can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, but your risk increases as you get older. Your risk is particularly high after age 45; African-Americans, Latinos, Asian-Americans, and American Indians are at higher risk than Caucasians; women who have a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome are at increased risk;
These factors can be able to change: Being overweight means that you have more fatty tissue, which makes your cells more resistant to insulin. Extra fat in the abdomen increases your risk more than extra fat in the hips and thighs; your risk increases if you have a sedentary lifestyle. Regular exercise uses up glucose and helps your cells respond better to insulin; eating a lot of junk foods or eating too much wreaks havoc on your blood glucose levels; you’re also at increased risk if you’ve had gestational diabetes or if you have prediabetes.
Some tips to prevent
You can have nothing to do with your genetics, ethnicity, or age. So you cannot always prevent type 2 diabetes.
The changes in your lifestyle tweaks can help you delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes when you have prediabetes or other diabetes risk factors or even you do not have. Some ways in diet, exercise, and controlling your weight can help keep your blood sugar levels within the ideal range all day long:
You should eat the food with high in nutrient-rich carbohydrates and fiber, and you need heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids from certain kinds of fish and monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Dairy products should be low in fat. You should notice how much you eat not only what you eat. Besides, you should be careful about portion sizes and try to eat meals at about the same time every day.
Let’s get 30 minutes of aerobic exercise every day can practice your overall health and try to add in extra movement throughout the day, too. Because type 2 diabetes is associated with inactivity.
Controlling your weight
Most of patients with type 2 diabetes because they are overweight. If you eat a healthy, balance diet and get daily exercise, you can help keep your weight under control. When those changes are not working, your doctor can make some recommendations for losing weight safely.
What about the receiving diagnosis
When you have the symptoms of diabetes, you should see doctor right now, whether or not you have prediabetes. You can be gotten a lot of information from blood work. Diagnostic testing may include the following: a hemoglobin A1C test is also called a glycosylated hemoglobin test. It measures average blood glucose levels for the previous two or three months. You don’t need to fast for this test, and your doctor can diagnose you based on the results; you need to fast for eight hours before having a fasting plasma glucose test. This test measures how much glucose is in your plasma; during an oral glucose tolerance test, your blood is drawn before and two hours after you drink a dose of glucose. The test results show how well your body deals with glucose before and after the drink;
You will be gotten some information about how to control the disease when you with diabetes, as follows: how to monitor blood glucose levels on your own; dietary recommendations; physical activity recommendations; information about any medications that you need.
You may need to see an endocrinologist who specializes in the treatment of diabetes. To ensure your treatment plan is working, you can need to visit your doctor more often at first.
Some complications associated with type 2 diabetes
For many people, type 2 diabetes can be effectively managed. It can affect virtually all your organs and lead to serious complications, as: skin problems, such as bacterial or fungal infections; nerve damage, or neuropathy, which can cause a loss of sensation or numbness and tingling in your extremities as well as digestive issues, such as vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation; poor circulation to the feet, which makes it hard for your feet to heal when you have a cut or an infection and can also lead to gangrene and loss of the foot or leg; hearing impairment; retinal damage, or retinopathy, and eye damage, which can cause deteriorating vision, glaucoma, and cataracts; cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, narrowing of the arteries, angina, heart attack, and stroke; kidney damage and kidney failure;
If your blood sugar is low, hypoglycemia can occur. The symptoms can be shakiness, dizziness, and difficulty speaking. And you can usually remedy this by having a “quick-fix” food or drink, like fruit juice, a soft drink, or a hard candy.
Your blood sugar is high so hyperglycemia can happen. It’s typically characterized by frequent urination and increased thirst. You can do exercise to help lower your blood sugar level.
Complications during and after pregnancy
When you are not only pregnant but also with diabetes, you can need to monitor your condition carefully. Diabetes that’s poorly controlled can: complicate labor and delivery; harm your baby’s developing organs; cause your baby to gain too much weight; increase your baby’s risk of developing diabetes during their lifetime
The statistics about type 2 diabetes
In the United States, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports the following statistics about diabetes the following: over 29 million people have diabetes. That’s 9.3 percent of the population; one in four people have no idea they have diabetes; more than one in three adults have prediabetes, and 15 to 30 percent of them will develop type 2 diabetes within five years; Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and American Indian, including Alaska Native, adults are about twice as likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic white adults.
The American Diabetes Association reports the following statistics: in 2012, diabetes cost the United States $245 billion in direct medical costs and reduced productivity; the average medical expenses for people with diabetes are about 2.3 times higher than they would be in the absence of diabetes; diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, either as the underlying cause of death or as a contributing cause of death;
The World Health Organization reports the following statistics: the 2014 global prevalence of diabetes was about 9 percent for adults; about 90 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes; diabetes caused about 1.5 million deaths worldwide in 2012; about half of people with diabetes die of cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke; diabetes is also a leading cause of kidney failure.
The finally with managing type 2 diabetes
To control type 2 diabetes requires teamwork. Although you need to work closely with your doctor, a lot of the results depend on your actions.
Your doctor may want to perform periodic blood tests because it can help him determine your blood sugar levels. It help determine how well you’re managing the disease. If you take medication, these tests will help gauge how well it’s working.
Diabetes increases your risk of cardiovascular disease, so your doctor will also monitor your blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. When you have symptoms of heart disease, you may need additional tests. It may include an electrocardiogram or a heart stress test.
To help control your diabetes with follow these tips: maintain a diet high in nutrient-rich carbohydrates and fiber but low in unhealthy fats and simple carbohydrates; do exercise daily; take all your medication as recommended; make use of a home monitoring system to test your own blood sugar levels between visits to your doctor.
You will be told about how often you should do that and what your target range should be.
There are also be helpful to bring your family into the loop. Educate them about the warning signs of blood sugar levels that are too high or too low so that they can help in an emergency. When everyone in your home follows a healthy diet and participates in physical activity, you can be all benefit.