Type 2 Diabetes: The Basics
In this article include: What causes diabetes? Risk factors and prevention; Symptoms; Getting a diagnosis; Long-term effects.
Almost people were diagnosed the type 2 diabetes. In U.S. it is approximately 27 million people. And another 86 million was in type prediabetes: It mean that glucose in their blood is not normal, but not high enough to be diabetes yet.
What Causes Diabetes?
According to doctors said, insulin, a hormone, is made by your pancreas. When you eat food, insulin let your cells turn glucose into energy. Although people with type 2 diabetes make insulin, their cells do not use it as well as they should. This is called insulin resistance.
At first, although the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells, it cannot keep up, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead.
Some causes combine to make for type 2 diabetes as follows:
Genes: In DNA, scientists have found little bit of different that impact your body makes insulin.
Extra weight: Insulin resistance can be caused by obesity or obese, especially when your extra pounds are around the middle. Type 2 diabetes influences kids, teens and adults, mainly because of childhood obesity.
Metabolic syndrome: High blood glucose, extra fat around the waist, high blood pressure and high cholesterol and triglycerides are a group of conditions to make insulin resistance for people.
Your liver have too much glucose: If your blood sugar is low, your liver will make and send out glucose. When you eat, your blood sugar goes up, and usually the liver will slow down and store its glucose for later. But some livers of people crank out sugar and do not store glucose.
Between cells are bad communication: If your cells send the wrong signals or do not pick up messages correctly, your cells will make and use insulin or glucose. Then a chain reaction can lead to diabetes.
Broken beta cells: the cells can be damaged by high blood glucose or when the cells make the insulin send out the wrong amount of insulin at the wrong time, then your blood sugar gets thrown off, too.