Type 2 Diabetes
When patients with diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or step by step loses the capacity to make enough insulin in the pancreas, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition. What causes type 2 diabetes we do not know, but type 2 diabetes is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors and it also has strong genetic and family related risk factors. Type 2 diabetes is known that as follows:
As doctors said that patients with type 2 diabetes when their pancreas do not produce enough insulin (reduced insulin production) and/or the insulin does not work effectively and/or the body cells do not respond to insulin effectively (it is known as insulin resistance)
All cases of diabetes, type 2 diabetes makes up about 85-90 %
It may increasingly occur in younger age groups involving children, adolescents and young adults, besides it usually develops in adults over the age of 45 years. Especially with most of people in a family history of type 2 diabetes or from particular ethnic backgrounds
There are some first sign to recognize type 2 diabetes, it may be combined with heart attack, vision problems or a foot ulcer
Type 2 diabetes can be improve by a combination of regular physical activity, healthy eating and weight reduction. Most of people will need oral medications and/or insulin injection in addition to lifestyle changes over time, because type 2 diabetes is often progressive.
What will probably happen with type 2 diabetes?
Because type 2 diabetes develops over a long period of time (years), this is the time insulin resistance begins increasingly ineffective at managing the blood glucose levels. This is therefore the pancreas responds by producing greater and greater amounts of insulin, to try and get some degree of management of the blood glucose levels. It is worth mentioning this process occurs over a very long period of time.
After producing of insulin happens over a very long period of time, in the pancreas, the cells make insulin wear themselves out, in order to patients with type 2 diabetes, their cells lost 50-70 per cent produce insulin. We can say that a combination of ineffective insulin and not enough insulin is a type 2 diabetes. It is a progressive condition and in the pancreas the progression is with the ongoing destruction of the cells that produce insulin.
Although patients can often initially be managed with healthy eating and regular physical activity, over time almost people will also need drug and many insulin. It make a mental note of this is just the natural progression of the condition, and taking medicine or insulin as soon as they are required can result in fewer complications in the long-term.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
When your family has members who with diabetes, you have a genetic disposition to have diabetes, because diabetes runs in the family. Then you can inherit from a predisposition to the condition and something in your environment triggers it.
Besides, some lifestyle elements will be also increases the risk like high blood pressure, overweight or obesity, insufficient physical activity, poor diet and the classic ‘apple shape’ body where extra weight is carried around the waist than a strong genetic predisposition.
The cause of type 2 diabetes is no single, there are well-established. Some risk elements can be controlled and others you inherit from your family.
You with type 2 diabetes at a higher risk if you are as follows:
- Your family history of diabetes
- The old age (over 55 years of age) – the risk increases
- Obesity and over 45 years old
- High blood pressure and over 45 years old
- An Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background and over 35 years old
- From Pacific Island, Indian subcontinent or Chinese cultural background and over 35 years old
- A woman who has given birth to a child over 4.5 kgs (9lbs), or gestational diabetes when pregnant, or a condition known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
You can answer 10 short questions on the diabetes risk calculator to check your risk.
To prevent type 2 diabetes through reading our section.
Many patients have no symptoms at all. They are commonly (but not always) diagnosed at an old age, because sometimes signs are dismissed as a part of ‘old age’. In others cases, by the time type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the complications of diabetes may already be present.
Some symptoms following:
- Being excessively thirsty
- Passing more urine
- Feeling dizzy, tired, lethargic and hungry
- Having cuts that heal slowly
- Itching, skin infections
- Blurred vision
- Gradually putting on weight
- Mood swings
- Leg cramps
Controlling Type 2 Diabetes
Although type 2 diabetes is recently no cure, the condition can be control by lifestyle modification and medication. It is progressive and needs to be controlled effectively to prevent complications.
You should view information on controlling type 2 diabetes when you have recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or have a family member with type 2 diabetes.